The Covid-19 pandemic had a considerable impact on Brazilian oil and gas demand, affecting investments in the sector. However, the economy has been recovering, with demand coming very close to its previous peaks, even with air transport and mobility still lagging.
Following the line of studies that employs the methodology of the Input Output Matrix - IOM to assess the socioeconomic impact of fuel consumption, this study aims to contribute to discussions on the unfolding of the national energy policy, in a way that combines diversification and balance in the use of resources (fossil or renewable), ensuring security of supply and alignment with environmental policies.
EPE has been seeking to improve the monitoring of innovation in the energy sector in Brazil. In 2018 and 2019, a broad mapping of Brazilian investments in Research, Development and Demonstration (RD&D) was carried out, based on Energy Big Push initiative, a partnership between EPE, ECLAC and CGEE, which had the support of the Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME), Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MCTI) and Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MRE).
Brazilian demand for fuel should exceed the average recorded in 2019, still in 2022, and continue to rise in 2023, due to the recovery from the impacts of the pandemic, and due to the growth of agribusiness.
Despite elevated price levels, Brazilian demand for fuel remains strong. Total demand should exceed the average recorded in 2019, still in 2022, and continue to rise in 2023, due to the recovery from the impacts of the pandemic, and due to the growth of agribusiness.
After all, what is energy efficiency? What are the limitations of using energy intensity to measure efficiency gains? What effects influence energy consumption?
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