Environmental air pollution generates relevant health problems that affect especially the portion of the population that lives in large urban centers. The World Health Organization (WHO, 2019) estimates that air pollution in cities and rural areas annually causes 4.2 million premature deaths worldwide (2016 data). This mortality is mainly due to exposure to particulate materials, small particles with a diameter of less than or equal to 2.5 micron (mm) (PM2.5), which are related to the occurrence of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, as well as to several types of cancer
Brazilian liquid fuel market continued its strong performance at the beginning of 2022 with an increase of 1.1% in January and February compared to the same period last year. This growth has been driven mainly by diesel and gasoline.
This recovery has been driven mainly by diesel, whose sales reached an all-time high of 62.1 billion liters in 2021 – pushed by the strong performance of agricultural, mining, civil constructing, and e commerce sectors.
By 2030, more than 50 wind farms will have exceeded 20 years of operation in Brazil. This period is equivalent to the useful life considered in the design stage of most wind turbines in operation in the country and corresponds to the duration of the wind power generation contracts in the regulated environment.
The main objective of this document is to monitor the progress of energy efficiency in Brazil, through the use of indicators. In 2020 the first "Atlas of Energy Efficiency in Brazil - Indicators Report" was published - with analysis up to the year 2018. This work updates and complements, in a more condensed way, the first report with data up to the year 2020, consolidating the fifth cycle of EPE's work in the development of the database of energy efficiency indicators.
This is a joint publication of EPE (Energy Research Office) and IEA (International Energy Agency), with contribution from IBÁ (Brazilian Tree Industry), and presents a brief overview of the Pulp and Paper industry in Brazil and in the world. It is the starting point of a broad cooperation between these institutions to understand and track the progress of energy efficiency in this very important sector for Brazilian and global economy.
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